Топик «Best parks of London.»
London is famous not only for its tourist attractions like Big Ben, Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace and others, but for beautiful and stunning parks as well. There are many park areas in London, each of which is loved both by citizens and toursits.
Green Park is the smallest of capital’s eight Royal Parks. It has a triangle shape and it is situated next to Buckingham Palace. Originally the park was opened as a hunting ground by Charles II. Only in 1826 Green Park became available to public.
Nowadays Green Park attracts hundreds of people every day who come there to have picnics on grass, to lounge on alluring deсkchairs or to walk around, delighting the atmosphere and nature.
Hyde Park – is also one of the Royal Parks but it is considered to be one of the largest ones and certainly the most famous. This park used to be a hunting area as well. Henry VIII appropriated this land from monks of Westminster Abbey for hunting deer. Even when it was open to the public, the park was visitied exclusively by the upper class.
Now the park is a place of great interest not only bacause of its beauty but also of the oldest boat lake, Serpantine, that is located in the Hyde Park. It is possible to see ducks, swans and some other animals there. In addition Serpantine still remains the place where defferent demonstrations take place.
It goes without saying that there are also many other amazing parks in London which are worth visiting, such as: St. James Park in Central London, Regent’s Park (North London), Greenwich (South London).
Лондон знаменит не только своими достопримечательностями, такими как: Биг Бен, Вестминстерское Аббатство, Букингемский Дворец; но также красивыми и великолепными парками. В Лондоне есть множество парковых зон, каждая из которых любима как самими жителями города, так и туристами.
Грин-Парк – самый маленький из Королевских парков столицы. Он имеет треугольную форму и находится рядом с Букингемским Дворцом. Изначально парк был открыт Чарльзом II, как место охоты. Лишь в 1826г. Грин-Парк стал доступен общественности.
В настоящее время Грин-Парк ежедневно привлекает сотни людей, которые приходят туда на пикник на траве, чтобы отдохнуть на манящих лежаках или прогуляться по территории парка, наслаждаясь его атмосферой и природой.
Гайд-Парк также относится к числу Королевских и считается одним из самых крупных парков и, конечно же, самых известных. Этот парк также раньше был местом охоты. Генри VIII присвоил эту землю у монахов Вестминстерского аббатства, чтобы охотиться на оленей. Даже когда парк был открыт для людей, его посещали лишь представители высших классов.
Теперь Гайд-Парк представляет огромный интерес не только по причине своей красоты, но и благодаря находящемуся в нем Серпантину – самому старому озеру. Там вы можете увидеть уток, лебедей и некоторых других животных. Кроме того, Серпантин был и остается местом проведения различных демонстраций.
Совершенно очевидно, что в Лондоне есть и другие удивительные парки, которые стоит посетить. К ним относятся, например, Сент-Джеймс Парк в Центральном Лондоне, Риджентс-Парк на севере и Гринвичский парк на юге Лондона.
Полезные фразы по теме:
To be famous for… — быть известным/знаменитым чем-либо/благодаря чему-либо
Park area – парковая зона
Hunting ground – охотничье угодье, район охоты
To lounge – отдыхать; сидеть, откинувшись, в кресле
Deckchair – лежак, шезлонг
To appropriate land — присвоить землю
To be worth doing smth – стоит что-то сделать («это стоит того»)
Гайд Парк (Hyde Park) — Рассказ на Английском с Переводом
Гайд Парк — это один из восьми королевских парков Лондона. Когда лондонцы хотят расслабиться и пойти на свежий воздух, чтобы прогуляться, побегать, покататься на велосипеде или арендовать лошадь, они часто идут в Гайд-парк. Зелёное пространство площадью 350 акров стало местом больших выставок, демонстраций и концертов.
Гайд Парк. Общие сведения
Hyde Park is one of the eight Royal parks in London. When Londoners want to relax and get away to get some fresh air, to stroll, jog, ride a bike, or rent a horse they often come to Hyde Park. The 350-acre green space has been the site of great exhibitions, demonstrations, and concerts.
Hyde Park is not named for a person. The word «Hyde» is derived from an Anglo-Saxon word meaning a unit of land measurement. The land the park sits on had been owned by the monks of Westminster Abbey since before the Norman Invasion. But in 1536 when King Henry the 8th dissolved the monasteries as part of his break with the Roman Catholic Church he seized the property and turned it into a royal hunting preserve.
Гайд Парк для широкой публики
It wasn’t until 1637 under the reign of Charles the first that the general public was allowed in. In 1728 Queen Caroline took 300 acres on the west side of the park and turned it into Kensington Gardens. It was during this time that a large artificial lake called the serpentine was created. King William the Third had a four-mile Long illuminated carriageway installed from Kensington Palace to St James Palace.
Королевская конница в Гайд Парке
The southeast corner of Hyde Park is actually connected to Green Park on the backside of Buckingham Palace which in turn connects to St James Park. The household cavalry barracks faces Hyde Park and mounted troops use the park on a regular basis. Hyde Park has a metropolitan police station. A legacy of the days of large-scale often violent demonstrations in the park.
In 1872 the government created the speakers corner on the northeast corner of the park in an effort to keep the peace by giving people a place to speak on the issues of the day. The tradition continues. Every Sunday people are free to come to the corner and speak on any subject. Nearby is the famous Marble Arch. It once stood at the entrance of Buckingham Palace but it was moved to its present location and in 1851 when Queen Victoria began major renovations of the palace.
Фонтан принцессы Дианы
Next to the arch are some monumental sculptures including a giant horse head called Stillwater. One of the most visited areas of the park is the memorial to the late Princess Diana. The fountain is an oval-shape stream made from Cornish granite. In places, the water moves smoothly. In other places, there’s great turbulence symbolic of the life of Diana. It was designed by American landscape architect Catherine Gustafson and installed in 2004. The memorial is located on the south side of the lake near the Lido Cafe.
London Parks / Парки Лондона — Топик
London has more parkland than almost any other world capital. The Royal Parks belong to the monarch but are opened to the public during daylight hours. Besides these there are many smaller local parks, playgrounds and public gardens around London. The Royal Parks were first used as private royal hunting forests. When they were opened to the public they became fashionable areas to be seen. They were also popular places to hold duels at dawn.
Today the Parks are looked after by hundreds of workers, who tend the gardens and keep the parks clean daily. There are regular police patrols, too, and there is a special police station in the middle of Hyde Park. There is a variety of wildlife in all the Royal Parks, especially birdlife, which changes with the seasons. There are usually lots of different kinds of duck around the ponds and lakes, and you may see grey squirrels or hedgehogs.
Saint James’s Park and Green Park St.
James’s Park and Green Park lie close together, with Buckingham Palace between them. Alongside St. James’s Park runs Pall Mall. Its name comes from an old French type of croquet called paille maille. Charles the Second used to have a paille maille alley nearby.
Saint James’s Park is famous for the variety of ducks, geese and other birds, which live on its lake, including pelicans. On the north bank there are picture tiles to help you identify the different species. Some are very tame and will eat crumbs from your hand.
Beside Green Park, in Piccadilly, you can see a fardel rest, a high bench set into the pavement. It was made for Victorian porters to rest their bundles on.
Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens
Hyde Park was once part of a wild and ancient forest, in habited by wolves, wild bulls and boar. It was fenced off as a royal deer park in Tudor times, and later opened to the public. Kensington Gardens shares the Serpentine Lake with Hyde Park. The part in Kensington Gardens is called The Long Water.
Things to see and do
There is a tradition to swim in the Serpentine on Christmas Day, however icy the water. At other times you can hire rowing boats. The Round Pond in Kensington Gardens is good for sailing model boats. Apsley House. Hyde Park Corner is at the eastern entrance to Hyde Park. In the centre is a triumphal arch dedicated to the Duke of Wellington, who led the British at the Battle of Waterloo. Nearby is his old home, Apsley House, now a Wellington museum.
Peter Pan. By The Long Water there is a bronze statue of Peter Pan. Around its base are fairies, fieldmice and rabbits. In the Kensington playground there is an old treestump called the Elfin Oak, carved with elves and fairies climbing up it.
Kensington Palace Gardens.
Several members of today’s royal family have apartments at Kensington Palace, in Kensington Gardens. You can walk around the Palace Gardens and visit the State Apartments. There is also an exhibition of uniforms and dresses once worn at Court.
In November the London to Brighton Car Run starts from Hyde Park. On royal birthdays gun salutes are fired in Hyde Park. Every weekend afternoon you can listen to people making speeches at Speakers’ Corner, in Hyde Park. Anyone has the right to speak here.
Regent’s Park was originally a royal hunting forest. It was landscapes by John Nash in the 1820s for the Prince Regent (later George the Fourth). He surrounded it with elegant terraced houses, which you can still see today. The Park is the home of London Zoo.
Around the Park.
Inside the Park’s Inner Circle is the Queen Mary Rose Garden, full of carefully-tended flower borders and wall roses. Near Regent’s Park is Primrose Hill, once a thieves’ hideout. From the top there is a good view of London. In summer plays are staged at the open-air theatre in the park, and brass bands sometimes play on the bandstand. You can hire boats on the lake in the Park. On one of its islands there is a heronry, where herons live and breed. In the early 1800s canals were built to link the London docks with
other parts of the country. Regent’s Canal is one of these. It runs through part of Regent’s Park, and has been restored so you can walk along it and take narrow-boat trips between Camden Lock and Little Venice. At Camden Lock there are working lock gates and craft work shops in old canal-side warehouses. Every May there is a canal procession of decorated barges. The best place to see it is at Little Venice.
London Zoo was opened in 1827 by the Zoological Society of London. The first enclosures were built to reflect the places the animals came from. African animals were kept in grass huts and goats lived in a Swiss-style chalet, for instance.
Today there are more than 8000 animals in the Zoo. Some are very rare, such as the giant Panda, so are encouraged to breed and are studied by conservationists. Many of the animals were born in the Zoo, or in other zoos around the world. You can adopt an animal at London Zoo for a year. The cost depends on the animal you choose, and is based on the amount of food it eats in a year. Your name goes on a plaque near the animal’s cage.
The elephants and rhinos have the biggest appetite in the Zoo. An elephant’s daily diet consists of hay, grass pellets, linseed cake, cabbage, carrots, apples, potatoes, dates, bread, salt, vitamins and minerals, washed down with 100 litres of water.
You can walk through the Snowdon Aviary, where about 150 different species of bird live. They have lots of room to fly freely around inside, and there are cliff-faces, water, trees and bushes to simulate different kinds of bird habitat.
In the Moonlight World you can see nocturnal creatures, who sleepduring daylight hours and wake up when it is dark. In this building day and night are reversed by artificial light, so that visitors can see the animals awake in the daytime. In the Children’s Zoo there are all kinds of pets and farm animals, too, such as sheep, miniature pigs and cows. At 3 o’clock each afternoon you can see the cows being milked. The milk is used to feed some of the other Zoo animals.
In summer a baby elephant walks round the Zoo with its keeper, and you can also see the «elephant’s workout» at the Elephant House. One of the baby elephants goes some of its training exercises, and you can help to we
ight it. Every day you can watch animals being fed, for instance penguins, snakes, lions and seals. Around the Zoo there are trays of exhibits you can touch, for instance, you might be able to handle a crocodile skin or a snake skeleton.
In summer you can have a ride on a pony, donkey or camel, or in a cart pulled by a South American llama. You can meet some of the small animals and their keepers in a summer afternoon show in the Zoo’s Hummingbird Amphitheatre.
More London Parks and Open Spaces
There are lots of other parks and open spaces around London. Many of them have sports areas and playgrounds, and hold annual fairs and festivals. A few are listed below.
Alexandra Park: Lake, padding pool, adventure playground and animal enclosure.
Battersea Park: Play area and pets’ corner. Lots of events, including Easter and May Day celebrations with carnival processions.
Blackheath: A fair in summer and a kite display every Easter.
Clapham Common: Ponds, a playground and a bandstand. The Greater London Horse Show is held every August, with all kind of horse events and traditional craft displays.
Crystal Palace Park: A boating lake, summer children’s zoo, Sunday concerts and giant models of dinosaurs.
Hampstead Heath: A huge heath with ponds, some for swimming. A big funfair held every summer.
Holland Park: Set in the grounds of a historic house, with an open-air theatre and a playpark.
Wimbledon Common: Large heath, with a pond, ancient earthworks and a windmill.
City farms: There are several around London, set up to show people how a farm runs. You can visit them to see the animals, and sometimes help in the farm work.
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