Перевод foreign languages in the life of a modern man перевод

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1. Прочитайте, спишите и сделайте перевод на русский язык.
Foreign languages in the life of a modern man. The great German poet Goethe once said, “He, who knows no foreign language, does not know his own”. Learning foreign languages is especially important nowadays. Some people learn languages because they need them in their work, others travel abroad, for the third ones studying languages is a hobby. Every year thousands of people from Russia go to different countries as tourists or to work. They can’t go without knowing the language of the country they are going to. A modern engineer or even a worker cannot work with an imported instrument or a machine if he is not able to read the instruction how to do that. A scientist, a historian, a diplomat are, as a rule, polyglots, because they need foreign languages in their work. If you want to be a stewardess, a pilot or an air traffic control officer you should learn English, the language of international communication. And how can a shopgirl or a cashier in a big department store understand a foreigner, if she does not know a foreign language? Some years ago a terrible earthquake occurred in Armenia. Several rescue brigades from different countries came to Leninakan to help the victims of this catastrophe. One of the most serious problems they came across was that practically nobody there could understand them. Very few people in Leninacan knew English, German or some other language. So a modern and cultured person must learn foreign languages.

2. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:
1. What is especially important nowadays?
2. Whom do we call polyglots?
3. Why do you learn English?
4. Do you read English books or newspapers?
5. What is your future profession?

3. Составьте высказывания из данных слов об иностранном языке.
1. especially, foreign, learning, is, nowadays, important, languages.
2. Russian, often, she, English, from, telegrams, translates, into.

4. Вставьте соответствующее притяжательное местоимение.
Many people learn foreign languages because they need them in … work.

5. Выберите нужное неопределенное местоимение (some; any).
Does your friend learn … foreign language?

6. Выберите правильный предлог. At the office she sometimes writes letters … foreign firms.
a) in; b) to; c) for.

7. Выберите правильный модальный глагол. You … learn English, the language of international communication.
a) must; b) can; c) may.

8. Выберите правильную видовременную форму сказуемого. Every year thousands of people … to different countries as tourists.
a) go; b) will go; c) went
.
9. Выберите глагол в соответствующем времени пассивного залога. Many foreign languages … in our country.
a) are taught; b) were taught; c) is taught.

Источник

Иностранные языки в нашей жизни — Foreign Languages In Our Life

Привет друзья. Изучение иностранного языка не является легким делом. Это долгий и медленный процесс, который занимает много времени и усилий. Сегодня особенно важно знать иностранные языки. Некоторые люди изучают языки, потому что они нужны для работы, другие путешествуют за границей, для третьих, изучение языков является хобби.

Word list

  • a means of communication — средство общения
  • convey — передавать
  • have a good command of the language — хорошо владеть языком
  • be of great help — приносить большую пользу
  • be of little help — приносить мало пользы
  • be of no help — быть бесполезным
  • rewarding — стоящий, приносящий удовлетворение
  • lose the chance — упустить возможность
  • academic year — учебный год
  • break — перемена
  • crash course — ускоренный курс
  • refresher course — курсы переподготовки
  • foundation course — программа подготовки к поступлению в ВУЗ
  • take a course — проходить курс
  • sign up for a course — записаться на курс
  • dropout — тот, кто бросил работу или учебу
  • skip a lecture — прогулять лекцию
  • attend a lecture — посетить лекцию
  • low/high marks — низкие/высокие оценки
  • numerate — подсчитывать
  • to mark — ставить оценку
  • to find your vocation — найти свое призвание
  • secondary education — среднее образование
  • scholarship — стипендия, грант

Foreign Languages in Our Life

Learning a foreign language is not an easy thing. It is a long and slow process that takes a lot of time and efforts. Nowadays it is especially important to know foreign languages. Some people learn languages because they need them for their work, others travel abroad, for the third studying languages is a hobby. Everyone, who knows foreign languages can speak to people from other countries, read foreign writers in the original, which makes your outlook wider.

It is not surprising that many intellectuals and well-educated people are polyglots. I study English. Nowadays English has become the world’s most important language in politics, science, trade and cultural relations. Over 300 million people speak it as a mother tongue. The native speakers of English live in Great Britain, the United States of America, Australia and New Zealand. English is one of the official languages in the Irish Republic, Canada, the South Africa Republic. English is one of the official languages of the United Nations Organization and other political organizations. Half of the world’s scientific literature is in English. It is the language of computer technology.

To know English today is absolutely necessary for every educated person, for every good specialist. The English language is a wonderful language. It is the language of the great literature. It is the language of William Shakespeare, Jonathan Swift, Walter Scott, Charles Dickens. The great German poet Goethe once said, “He, who knows no foreign language, does not know his own one”. That is why in order to understand oneself and environment one has to study foreign languages.

Иностранный язык в нашей жизни

Изучение иностранного языка не является легким делом. Это долгий и медленный процесс, который занимает много времени и усилий. Сегодня особенно важно знать иностранные языки. Некоторые люди изучают языки, потому что они нужны для работы, другие путешествуют за границей, для третьих, изучение языков является хобби. Каждый, кто знает иностранные языки может общаться с людьми из других стран, читать иностранных писателей в оригинале, что делает ваш кругозор гораздо шире.

Это не удивительно, что многие представители интеллигенции и хорошо образованные люди — полиглоты. Я изучаю английский. В настоящее время английский язык стал самым важным языком в мире политики, науки, торговли и культурных связей. Более 300 миллионов людей говорят на нем как на родном языке. Носители английского языка живут в Великобритании, Соединенных Штатах Америки, в Австралии и Новой Зеландии. Английский является одним из официальных языков в Ирландской Республике, Канаде, Южной Африканской Республике. Английский является одним из официальных языков Организации Объединенных Наций и других политических организаций. Половина научной литературы в мире на английском языке. Это язык компьютерных технологий.

Знать английский язык сегодня абсолютно необходимо для каждого образованного человека, для каждого хорошего специалиста. Английский язык является прекрасным языком. Это язык великой литературы. Это язык Вильяма Шекспира, Джонатана Свифта, Вальтера Скотта, Чарльза Диккенса. Великий немецкий поэт Гете однажды сказал: «Тот, кто не знает иностранного языка, не знает своего собственного». Вот почему для того, чтобы понять самого себя и окружающую среду надо изучать иностранные языки.

Foreign Languages In My Life

Language is an essential form of communication. So, the more languages you speak, the more friends you have. My parents have always wanted me to know several languages. I started learning English and French at the age of 6. By that time I already knew Russian and Georgian languages.

When I was a child, I didn’t understand how important it is to learn at least one foreign language. Now I know that learning languages helps you in many ways. First of all, I started paying more attention to grammar and overall structure of my native language. Secondly, I’m going to pass an English language exam next year. I’m pretty sure that it will be fine, as I’ve been a diligent student. Besides, my parents and teachers say I’m capable of learning several languages. I have a good memory and good linguistic ability. Thirdly, I’m sure that the knowledge of foreign languages will be beneficial for my future career.

Moreover, it is a good way to find new penfriends from different countries and to keep in touch with them. That’s how I learned some peculiarities of English and French culture. On top of that, last year I participated in an international exchange program, which was a good way to practice my speaking skills. We went to London and stayed there for a week with our English friends. Then, we hosted them in our town.

After I graduate from school, I want to enter a linguistic university to become an interpreter. But that’s not all. After the university, I’d like to continue my studies abroad in the English or French speaking environment. In my opinion, it is the best way to improve the language skills and to make new friends.

Иностранные языки в моей жизни

Язык является важнейшей формой общения. Поэтому, чем больше языков ты знаешь, тем больше друзей имеешь. Мои родители всегда хотели, чтобы я знала несколько языков. Я начала изучать английский и французский в возрасте 6 лет. К тому времени я уже знала русский и грузинский языки.

В детстве я не понимала, как важно знать, по крайней мере, один иностранный язык. Теперь я знаю, что изучение языков полезно во многих отношениях. Во-первых, я стала уделять больше внимания грамматике и общей структуре своего родного языка. Во-вторых, в следующем году я собираюсь сдавать экзамена по английскому языку. Я вполне уверена, что все будет хорошо, так как я прилежно училась. Кроме того, мои родители и учителя говорят, что у меня способности к изучению сразу нескольких языков. У меня хорошая память и хорошие языковые способности. В-третьих, я уверена, что знание иностранных языков полезно для моей будущей карьеры.

Кроме того, это хорошая возможность познакомиться с новыми друзьями по переписке из разных стран и держать с ними связь. Именно таким способом я узнала некоторые особенности английской и французской культуры. Кроме того, в прошлом году я участвовала в программе международного обмена, который помог мне практиковать разговорные навыки. Мы провели неделю в Лондоне с нашими английскими друзьями. Затем они гостили в нашем городе.

После окончания школы, я хочу поступить в лингвистический университет и стать переводчиком. Но это еще не все. После окончания университета, я хотела бы продолжить учебу за рубежом в англоговорящей или франкоговорящей среде. На мой взгляд, это лучший способ улучшить языковые навыки и завести новых друзей.

Источник

Topic: Foreign Language in the Life of a Modern Man

The rise of English is a remarkable success story. When Julius Caesar landed in Britain nearly two thousand years ago, English did not exist. Today English is used by at least 750 million people, and barely half of those speak it as the mother tongue.

Some estimates have put that figure closer to one billion. English today is more widely spoken and written than any other language has ever been. It has become the language of the planet, the first truly global language.

Three quarters of the world’s mail, and its telexes and cables are in English. It is the language of technology from Silicon Valley to Shanghai. English is the medium for 80 percent of the information stored in the world’s computers. Nearly half of all business deals in Europe are conducted in English. It is the language of sports and glamour: the official language of the Olympics and Miss Universe Competition. English is the official voice of the air and the sea, and of Christianity: it is the ecumenical language of the World’s Council of Churches. The largest broadcasting companies of the world (CBS, NBC, ABC, and BBC) transmit in English to audiences that regularly exceed one hundred million.

“Do you speak English?” – with this phrase begins the conversation between two people, who speak different languages and want to find a common language. It’s very good when you hear: “Yes, I do”, and start talking. People of different countries and nations have to get along well with the progress in world trade and technology as well as with each other.

So it is very useful to learn foreign languages. Knowledge of foreign languages helps us to develop friendship and understanding among people.

With the English language you can read papers, magazines and original books by great writers, watch satellite TV programs. If you like traveling you can go anywhere without being afraid that other people will not understand you. English is very important to find a good job.

English is spoken practically all over the world. It is spoken as the mother tongue in Great Britain, the United States of America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

The full name of Great Britain is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom is situated in the British Isles. The island of Great Britain consists of three main parts: England, Wales and Scotland. Great Britain is a highly industrialized country. The main industrial centers are London, Manchester, Leeds, Liverpool and Glasgow. The capital of the country is London. The United Kingdom is a parliamentary monarchy.

The USA is the most powerful and highly developed industrial country in the world. After 350 years of development the USA still holds the leading position in the western world. The capital of the USA is Washington.

Canada is the second largest country in the world. About 28 million people live in Canada. The capital of Canada is Ottawa.

Australia is the only country in the world which is also a continent. The country’s official name is the Commonwealth of Australia. Its capital is Canberra.

New Zealand is an island country in the Southwest Pacific Ocean. New Zealand has one of the highest standards of living in the world. New Zealand belongs to a large island group called Polynesia. Britain gave New Zealand a constitution in 1852. Wellington is the capital of New Zealand.

A lot of people speak English in China, Japan, India, Africa and other countries. It is one of the 6 official languages of the United Nations. It is studied as a foreign language in many schools.

England’s history helps us to understand the present condition of English. Many English words were borrowed from the language of Angles and Saxons. Hundreds of French words came into English. These French words corresponding Anglo-Saxon words. There exist “act” and “deed”, “beautiful” and “pretty”, “form” and “shape”. Many new words were brought by traders and travelers. These words came from different parts of the world: “umbrella” – from Italian, “skates” – from Dutch, “tea” – from Chinese, “cigar” – from Spanish.

Some words came into English directly from Latin, which was the language of the church and the universities in the middle ages.

Some English words of today are derivatives. One way of creating new words is to put together two or older English words. For example, the words “railway”, “football”, “newspaper” are made in this way.

Many of the new English words – especially new scientific ones – have been made from Latin and Greek words instead of English ones. “Telephone”, for instance, was made from Greek words “far” and “talk”.

As for me, I study English because in my opinion every well educated person should know English and I want to be an educated and successful person. Nowadays it’s necessary to know a foreign language. Knowledge of a foreign language helps us to develop friendship and understanding among people.

The total number of languages in the world is between 2500 and 5000. English is spoken all over the world and very popular. There is a proverb: “Knowledge itself is power.” I agree with it.

I study English because I want to read English books of great writers in the original language. I want to communicate with people from different countries; I want to understand their culture and traditions. I like to travel very much and with the knowledge of English I can travel anywhere because more than 1 billion people speak English. I have a pen friend abroad.

How do I study English? First of all I read a lot. There is always an English book on my desk. Sometimes I speak English with my friend, he knows English very well.

Task:

Give a summary of the text.

Занятия 4, 5, 6

Topic: My Future Profession

Text 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст:

This is my first e-mail message to you from Novosibirsk. I’ve got great news to tell you. This summer I took entrance exams to Moscow Law Institute. There were a lot of applicants and the exams were rather difficult but I worked hard and passed them well enough to become a first-year student.

The Institute has a long history and a high status. The teaching staff consists of highly qualified professionals who are known all over the city. Classes begin at 9 o’clock in the morning and last till two or four in the afternoon. All subjects are very interesting. We have seminars and lectures in English, Philosophy, History, Theory of State and Law, Latin and so on. Later we are going to study law: constitutional law, civil law, criminal law, land law, family law. I’ll try to do well in all subjects and attend all classes in order to pass exams successfully.

After graduation from this Institute I would like to become a lawyer. I think that it is a noble profession, because you work with people and try to help them. To become a good lawyer you should work hard and have certain traits of character. You should be clever, helpful, open-minded and sociable. I feel that I’m just cut out to be a lawyer.

Ex . 1. Найдите русские эквиваленты данным словам и выражениям:

a) Higher education, to enter, to pass exams, to fail exams (an exam), first-year student/ freshman, applicant, to be good at a subject (subjects), to work hard at smth, to hand in a paper, to attend classes, to miss classes, to do well in subjects, to lag behind the group, to catch up with the group;

b) Full-time student, part-time student, extra-mural student, fellow-students;

c) to run a company, to go into business, to be in the diplomatic service, to work in the field of, hard-working, intelligent, smart, honest, to be cut out for smth.

Ex . 2. Дополните предложения словами и выражениями из упражнения 1:

1. ____________ is becoming more and more popular in this country. 2. All the first-year students must ___________ their project papers by the end of November. 3. During the academic year all students have to ____________ so as not ________ the group. 4. They must ________________ because if they _______ ______ they will have ________ in order not to fail the exams. 5. Most of my friends _______ at college and hope to become good specialists. 6. As a rule, the students who ________, help their fellow-students who have some problems with the subject.

Ex . 3. Переведите предложения на русский язык:

1. Jack presented his graduation paper so well that he got his degree with Honors.

2. The university graduated 850 students last year. 3. Julie, you swim so well. You must have taken lessons from a dolphin. 4. The subject matter of my report is the economic development of England in the 15 th century. 5. The teacher lectured the boys for being lazy. 6. All my fellow-students took winter exams but not all of them passed the exams. 7. Professor Warren will give a lecture on the history of diplomacy next week.8. This book does not fully cover the subject. 9. Magda is very sociable and has a wide circle of acquaintances. 10. The University’s history goes back to 1944 when it was founded as the first institute to train personnel for the diplomatic service.

Text : The Interview

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